Henderson County Texas Master Gardeners Plants for Henderson County
 Plants For Henderson County Country Garden
Herbs Texas Native  Heirloom Bulbs Miscellaneous Bulbs Plants & Shrubs Tropical Plants
Herbs

Chinese Chives or Garlic Chives: Allium tuberosum

Amaryllidaceae (Liliaceae)

Linear, gray-green, waxy leaves; globular flowers in umbels.

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: herbs

Propagation: seed

Exposure: high

Flower Color: white, rose, purple

Blooming Period: spring summer

Height: 1 - 2 feet

Width: 1 foot

Foliage Texture: fine

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: medium

Additional Comments: Needs rich, well-drained soil. Air dry to use cloves for cooking. Attributed to lowering blood pressure and helping anemia.

Chilipiquin - C. annuum: Perennial, commonly called "bird pepper". Nice addition to wild garden. Part shade.
 

Lemon Balm, Bee Balm, Melissa: Melissa officinalis

Lamiaceae (Labiatae)

Many short runners; square stem, slightly hairy, opposite, light green leaves. Flowers contain citronella (mosquito repellant).

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: cut flowers herbs

Propagation: seed division stem cuttings

Exposure: medium

Flower Color: white

Blooming Period: summer

Height: 2'

Width: 2'

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: medium 

Additional Comments: Has traditionally been used as a medical plant.

 Purple Ruffles Basil
 

Sweet Basil: Ocimum basilicum

Lamiaceae (Labiatae)

Dark green, oval leaves with flowers in whorls at end of stem.

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: annual

Plant Use: herbs

Propagation: seed

Exposure: high

Flower Color: white

Blooming Period: summer fall

Height: 2-3'

Width: 18-20"

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: medium 

Additional Requirements: Used aws a culinary herb in vegetables, soups, salads, and meats.

  

Dill: Anethum graveolens

Umbelliferae

Looks like fennel; feathery, blue-green foliage; flower is an umbel

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: annual

Plant Use: herbs

Propagation: seed

Exposure: high

Flower Color: yellow

Blooming Period: summer fall

Height: 3-4'

Width: 3'

Foliage Texture: fine

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: medium 

Additional comments: Used fresh in pickling and vinegar, salads, etc; sow seed directly; easily grown but may become a weed; seeds and leaves pungent; attributed to promoting digestion.

 

Parsley: Petroselinum crispum

Umbelliferae

Crinkled, dark green leaves. Flowers not present. Best when treated as an annual.

Plant Form or Habit: rounded

Plant Type: biennial

Plant Use: herbs

Propagation: seed

Exposure: medium

Flower Color:

Blooming Period:

Height: 6-12"

Width: 12"

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: medium 

Additional Comments: Fruit and seeds are poisonous to birds. Rich in vitamin C. Some consider it to be "nature's breath freshener."

 

Rosemary: Rosmarinus officinalis

Lamiaceae (Labiatae)

Narrow, dark, green leaves; evergreen shrub; flowers in clusters.

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: herbs

Propagation: stem cuttings

Exposure: high

Flower Color: Purple

Blooming Period: summer fall

Height: 2 - 5 feet

Width: 2 feet

Foliage Texture: fine

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: low 

Additional Comments: Available in trailing forms. Don't over water. Requires good drainage. Best in  full sun. Pinch to prevent woodiness.

Anise Hyssop - species. Perennial, grows to two feet, blooms with purple spikes all summer. Good bee plant. 
Pine-scented Rosemary – Nice variety to have for Christmas. Perennial, grows to two feet.
Creeping Thyme – Good culinary variety. Makes a nice ground cover in well-drained sunny location.
Texas Native
Clematis pitcheri – Leatherflower:  Delicate climbing vine, flowers  are purple on long slender stems. Perennial, dies to ground after freeze.
 Rock rose – Pavonia: Upright shrubby perennial to two feet. 1 ½ inch rose colored flowers. Blooms all summer.
Coreopsis – Tickseed: Perennial, grows to 1 ½ feet with 2 inch yellow flowers.
Columbine – Aquilegia canadensis: Perennial, shade plant with fern-like foliage, yellow and red flowers in spring. Needs good drainage.
Brazos Penstemon – penstemon tenuis: Perennial, grows to two feet, spring blooming with lilac flowers.

Standing Cypress – Ipomopsis rubra: Biennial, grows to two feet, lacy leaves, red flowers are clustered along stems, blooms in summer.

Maximilian Sunflower – Helianthus maximiliani: Perennial, grows to six feet, three inch flowers scattered along stems, fall blooming.

Wine Cup – Poppy Mallow: Perennial, growing to 18 inches tall with a two foot spread, blooms all summer with deep red cup-shaped flowers. Needs good drainage.

Prairie Phlox – Phlox pilosa: Perennial, grows to one foot, flowers in spring with pink or lavender flower clusters.

Meadow Aster – Aster pratensis: Perennial, growing to two feet, blooming in fall with two inch purple flowers.
Liatris – Liatris squarrosa: Perennial, growing to two feet, blooming along terminal spike with lavender flowers in late summer to fall
Winter Honeysuckle – Lonicera fragrantissima: Deciduous shrub growing to six feet, blooming in January and February  with very fragrant white blossoms. Easily pruned to maintain desired size. Needs to be planted away from doorways as bees love it. 

Turk's Cap or Red Mallow: Malvaviscus arboreus 'Drummondi'

Malvaceae

Foliage is alternate with shallow lobes and a cover of coarse hair. The stem is woody and wide branching. Broad petals of the flower remain wrapped around one another. Flowers are solitary with extended stamens.

Plant Form or Habit: spreading

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: natives

Propagation: seed

Exposure: low

Flower Color: red

Blooming Period: summer

Height: 2.5 - 3.5 ft

Width: 3-5 ft

Foliage Texture: coarse

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: medium 

Additional Comments: Name comes from its resembling a Turkish fez. No serious pest  problems. Cut to ground level in late winter to maintain reasonable size. One of the few native plants to withstand shade.

Tall Coneflower – Rudbeckia grandiflora: Perennial, growing to five feet, blooms with large daisy-like yellow flowers that have one inch brown cones rising from the center. Much desired by bees and butterflies.
Bur Oak – Quercus macrocarpa: Grows to 150 feet. Will grow on uplands and limestone. Drought resistant. Huge acorns.

Texas Red Bud – Cercis Canadensis: Deciduous tree to 40 feet, blooming in early spring with bright pink blossoms. 

Zexmenia – Zexmenia hispida: Deciduous 2 foot shrub, covered with small orange daisy-like flowers all summer. Full sun.

Indian Grass - Sorghastrum nutans: Perennial, warm season, original tall grass prairie plant, full sun. Grows to 3 feet. Spreads by rhizomes.
Sea Oats - Chasmanthium latifolium: Perennial , warm season, grows to 1 1/2 feet with nodding seed head. Part shade.
Heirloom Bulbs
Species daffodil: Pale yellow petals with darker yellow trumpet.
Species jonquil: Small bright yellow clusters.
Species Jonquil: Clusters of white fragrant flowers.
Rain lily – Habranthus: Yellow flowers after rains in summer and fall. Colonizes easily.
Rain Lily – Zephyranthes: White flowers after rains in summer and fall. Colonizes easily.
Iris Blue Flag – Iris gianticaerulea: Found along stream banks in its native habitat but will adapt to drier conditions. Grows to three feet, blooms in spring. Blossom bright blue with prominent yellow center.
Iris Cemetery White – Early blooming white iris.
Heirloom purple Iris – In some years blooms before cemetery white. Solid purple blossom.
Narcissus - Heirloom (white)

 

Miscellaneous Bulbs
Amaryllis
Spider lily
St. Joseph's Lily

Lycoris radita

Common Name: Spider Lily

Height: 18-24 in. Color: Red

Bloom Season: September

Conditions: Part to full Sun

Blooms spring from the ground on bare stalks, usually after a soaking September rain. Strap-shape foliage appears after bloom in the fall, dies back in late spring. Although mature clumps may be divided at any time, it is less likely to interrupt bloom cycle if done as foliage begins to die back. Avoid over watering during summer dormancy.

Hemerocallies 'Semi Double Orange'

Common name: Semi Double Orange daylily

Habit: Tall upright slender leaved perennial

Size: 36"

Soil type: moist well drained

Flowers: light orange with deeper orange centers and yellow throat

Lighting: full sun to part shade.

Grand Crinum, Crinum Lily: Crinum moorei

Amaryllidaceae (Liliaceae)

Light green, slender leaves that are 2-3 inches wide; flowers in umbels and are fragrant.

Plant Form or Habit: curved

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: beds & borders container plantings

Propagation: division

Exposure: medium

Flower Color: white, pink

Blooming Period: spring

Height: 3 feet

Width: 10 - 12 inches

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: medium

Additional Comments: Does best with moist soil and high organic matter but is able to perform in more demanding soils. Use hardy types.

Miscellaneous Plants And Shrubs
Fig  “Celeste” – Small purple figs. Does well in this area.
Blue Spiraea – Caryopteris: Small deciduous shrub with blue flowers all summer. A true butterfly plant.
Bronze Fennel – Grows to four feet with fern-like bronze foliage. Host plant for swallowtail butterfly. Dies to ground in winter
Mexican Feather Grass – Perennial, grows to two feet with very fine leaves. In late summer feathery plumes appear. Good accent plant.
Holly Fern – Evergreen perennial, grows to two feet. Does best in shade.
Verbena on a stick – Verbena bonariensis: Perennial, grows to three feet, purple blossoms all summer.
Purple Cone Flower – Echinacea purpurea: Perennial, grows to two feet, blooms all summer with daisy-like purple flowers.

Purple Cone Flower: Echinacea angustifolia

Compositae

Leaves are alternate with long hairs on the surface. Flowers are daisy-like conspicuously droop.

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: beds & borders natives

Propagation: division

Exposure: high

Flower Color: pink, white

Blooming Period: summer

Height: 2-3 ft

Width: 12-18 in

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: low

Additional Comments: Found on sandy or gravelly soil.

Flowering tobacco -  nicotiania species: Perennial or biennial, grows to three feet with two inch white blossoms that open in the afternoon. Sweet smelling.
Althea Double Pink – Hisbiscus syriacus: Deciduous woody shrub, can get rather large so plant at some distance from buildings.  
Black-eyed Susan – rudbeckia “Goldstrum”: Perennial, much better plant than species.  

Red Hot Poker, Tritoma, Torch Lily: Kniphofia uvaria

Liliaceae

Linear leaves 3' long with a strong keel. Tubular florets borne on racemes.

Plant Form or Habit: curved

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: beds & borders

Propagation: division

Exposure: high

Flower Color: red, yellow

Blooming Period: summer

Height: 2-4 ft

Width: 1-2 ft

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: very high

Water Requirements: low

Additional Comments: Clump-forming grass-like leaves. Blooms in summer with red and yellow tubular flowers that rise above foliage. Needs good drainage. Drought tolerant. Remove base leaves during fall. Attracts hummingbirds.

Spanish Bluebells – Bloom in spring after daffodils with blue hyacinth-like spikes. Good substitute for Dutch hyacinths that seldom reappear.
Louisiana Iris – Iris brevicaulis: Perennial bulb,growing to two feet, spreading slowly. Blooms in May.  
Heuchera “Palace Purple” – Coral Bells:Clump-forming perennial with slender stems bearing clusters of small bell-shaped flowers in summer.  
Jewels of Opar  Talinum: Reseeding annual, blooms all summer with airy pink flowers. Heirloom pass-a-long plant. Full sun.  
Salvia “Black & Blue” – Perennial, grows to three feet, blooms all summer with spikes of deep blue flowers.
Ajuga – Bugleweed: Perennial ground cover, grows to five inches, spreads rapidly, full sun or shade, blooms spring with blue flowers.  
Crepe Myrtle “Pink Lace” – Lagerstroemia: Standard form with pink blossoms all summer. Full sun.  

Four o'clock: Mirabilis jalapa

Nyctaginaceae

Perennial used as an annual. Erect stems and mid-green heart shaped opposite leaves. Trumpet shaped, 1" fragrant flowers that open during mid to late afternoon then fade the next morning.

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: beds & borders

Propagation: seed

Exposure: medium

Flower Color: yellow, red, crimson, rose, white

Blooming Period: summer

Height: 18-30"

Width: 12-24"

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: medium

Additional Comments: Perennial, growing to 3 to 4 feet, bloom all summer, needs full sun. Dies to ground after first freeze. All plant parts are poisonous. Grows best in rich soils and is heat and pollution tolerant.

Canna – Cannacae: Tuberous rooted perennial, growing to four feet, blooming in summer with yellow and orange blossoms. Heirloom plant.  
Spiraea Single Pearl – Rosaceae: Deciduous shrub, growing to four feet, full sun, blooms in spring with white blossoms like pearls.
Daylily
Golden Euonymus

Saponaria officinalis (sap-oh-nah'ree-uh)

Common Name: Bouncing Bet, Soapwort

Height: 24-32 in. Color: Pale Pink

Bloom Season: Summer

Conditions: Full Sun

Type: HP Hardiness Zone: 3-9

Dense clusters of fragrant, pale pink 1 inch flowers.

Dark green leaves to 4 inches long.

Brugmansia sp.

Common Name: Angel Trumpet

Height: up to 15ft for mature plants

Bloom Season: Late Summer to fall

Color: Pink

Conditions: Full Sun, partial afternoon shade; moist, fertile, well drained soil

****PLANT & FLOWERS ARE POISIONOUS****

Large exotic pendulous flowers. Easy to grow. Cut back tops to within 6 inches of the ground before

first freeze, mulch heavily to provide winter protection.

Take 4 to 5-inch-long pieces from half-ripened wood in fall, and root in a good potting soil to propagate.

Yarrow: Achillea millefolium (Asteraceae)

A drought tolerant perennial herb native to Europe, it has naturalized throughout temperate North America. The species name, millefolium-of a thousand leaves-describes the fine, feathery foliage that resembles a fern. Flowers are in clusters forming a flat white top usually affixed to a single stem. Yarrow can endure dry, impoverished soil and survive with little maintenance. Requires full sun. A true perennial taking two years to become established.

Height: 1-3 feet

Blooming period: May-November

Miscellaneous: Good garden plant for fresh or dry floral arrangements. Foliage is pleasantly fragrant when crushed. Can be mowed to form a highly competitive ground cover to control soil erosion.

Hibiscus Mutabilis

Common Name: Confederate Rose

Height: 12 to 15 feet Color: Light Pink

Bloom Season: Fall

Conditions: full sun or partial shade with moist, rich, well-drained soil.

The Confederate rose is an old-fashioned perennial shrub with maple-shaped leaves, velvety to touch and a peony-like flower 4 to 6 inches in diameter. Blooms light pink and the second day turns to darker rose pink and the third day the bloom fades. Progressive bloomer, as some of the flowers fade, new buds will open. Before the first freeze, the plant should be cut back to approximately four inches above the ground. The next season's growth will come from the roots. Mulch the plant with woodchips or pine straw to protect from freezing. Cuttings 12-15” long, root easily.

Aloe: Aloe vera

Liliaceae

Thick, leathery, straplike, green leaves of 6-24 inches; edged with spines and have white dots; bell-like flowers, but rarely bloom when pot grown.

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: container plantings

Propagation: stem cuttings

Exposure: high

Flower Color: yellow

Foliage Texture: coarse

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: low

Additional Comments: Allow soil to become dry between waterings; requires little care; move inside in temperatures below 50 degrees; bitter yellow juice in leaves used in cosmetics and ointments.

Nandina

Sweet Violets
Viola odorata

Violaceae

Tufted, dark green leaves; heart shaped runners. Fragrant single flowers on peduncle from crown. Irregular symmetry.

Plant Form or Habit: rounded

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: beds & borders natives

Propagation: division

Exposure: low

Flower Color: purple, blue, white

Blooming Period: spring

Height: 4-6"

Width: 8"

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: medium low

Water Requirements: medium

Additional Comments: Remove runners and shear back in late fall for better spring blooms. Complete fertilizing in spring.

Nasturtium: Tropaeolum majus

Tropaeolaceae

Perennial treated as an annual. Mid-green, round leaves with a peltate attachment.

Plant Form or Habit: spreading

Plant Type: annual

Plant Use: herbs

Propagation: seed

Exposure: medium

Flower Color: red, yellow, orange

Blooming Period: summer

Height: 6 - 15"

Width: 6-12"

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: medium

Additional Comments: Use in shady beds to prevent bleaching. Young leaves and unripe seeds used in salads like watercress. Foliage has a pepper-like take.

Canna or Indian Shot: Canna x generalis

Cannaceae

Glabrous, ovate, large green leaves. Flowers in racemes.

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: beds & borders

Propagation: division

Exposure: medium

Flower Color: white, ivory, yellow, orange, pink, coral, salmon, red, bicolor

Blooming Period: summer fall

Height: dwarf- 3 feet; standard- 6 feet

Width: 1.5 - 2 feet

Foliage Texture: coarse

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: medium

Additional Comments: Remove faded flowers/stalks. May freeze. Use in groups as background or screen. Rhizome propagation: Plant rhizomes 5" deep, 10" apart.

Purple leaf Honeysuckle - Lonicera japonica
Salvia Guarantica - "Sapphire Blue"
Guara Lindheimeri - "Whirling Butterflies"
Lambs Ear - Stachys byzantina
Lantana yellow
Foxglove
Nicotiana sylvestris
Petunias
Geraniums
Bronze Leaf Geraniums
Macho ferns
Cleome
Blue Daze
Holly Fern
Impatiens
Indian Hawthorne
Leucanthemun “Country Girl
Luffa gourd vines
Mandevilla - yellow
Mexican Petunias
Oxalis
Red Bird Plant
Red Ginger
Scented Geranium
Spanish Bayonet – Adam’s Needle
Swamp Sunflower (rudbeckia maxima
Sword Fern
Vinca - Madagascar Periwinkle
Assorted Tropical Plants
Schefflera
Jade Plant
Sansevieria
Dumb Cane
Spider Plant: Chlorophytum Perennial: partial shade; bright indirect light; frost-tender.

Asparagus Fern - Asparagus densiflorus 'Sprengeri'

Sun or part shade; plant in well-drained soil amended with peat moss or ground bark. Will survive light frosts but may be killed to ground by severe cold - may come back from roots.

Chenille Plant
Sea Onion
Cyperus – Umbrella Plant
Swiss Cheese Philodendron
Boston Fern
Bromeliad
Spathiphyllum
Angel Wing Begonia

African Marigold: Tagetes erecta

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Solitary heads on stiff stems; pinnately dissected, aromatic foliage.

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: annual

Plant Use: beds & borders container plantings

Propagation: seed

Exposure: high

Flower Color: yellow, orange, mahogany

Blooming Period: summer fall

Height: 1-3'

Width: 1'

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: medium

Additional Comments: Tolerates heat but needs moist soil; watch for spider mites; deadhead; good for color in the fall months.

Petunia: Petunia x hybrida

Solanaceae

Perennial treated as an annual; alternate, ovate leaves with a fine pubescence; funnel-shaped corolla available in singles, doubles, ruffles, fringes, stripes, veined, or trailing varieties.

Plant Form or Habit: spreading cascading

Plant Type: annual

Plant Use: beds & borders container plantings hanging baskets

Propagation: seed

Exposure: medium

Flower Color: white, red, purple, pink, yellow

Blooming Period: spring summer fall

Height: 8-15"

Width: 8-15"

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: medium

Additional Comments: Declines in summer heat; dead head for best performance; flowers have a sweet fragrance

Vinca Periwinkle, Band Plant: Vinca major 'Variegata'

Apocynaceae

Long trailing stems, ovate dark green leaves which may have creamy variegation. Single, flat flowers with 5 petals.

Plant Form or Habit: spreading

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: groundcover

Propagation: division stem cuttings

Exposure: medium low

Flower Color: purple

Blooming Period: spring

Height: 1'

Width: 2'

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: low

Additional Comments: Cut back heavily each winter when scalping the lawn. Dust, drought, and smog tolerance. Pest, insect, and disease free. Use as a bank cover, and to control soil erosion.

Cosmos
Melampodium
Allysum
Dalhberg daisy
Bachelor Button

Delphinium, Larkspur
Delphinium x elatum

Ranunculaceae

Large, palmately 5-7 parted leaves. Flowers- racemes or spikes; 5 petals, with spurs.

Plant Form or Habit: upright

Plant Type: perennial

Plant Use: beds & borders cutflowers

Propagation: seed

Exposure: high

Flower Color: blue, red, pink, white, yellow

Blooming Period: summer

Height: 2-6'

Width: 1'

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: high

Water Requirements: high

Additional Comments: May need staking; watch for botrytis, powdery mildew, black spot, and mites.

Busy Lizzie or Impatiens: Impatiens wallerana (I. sultanii)

Balsaminaceae

Tropical perennial treated as an annual; succulent leaves and stems sometimes flushed in red; rotate flowers

Plant Form or Habit: rounded

Plant Type: annual

Plant Use: beds & borders container plantings hanging baskets

Propagation: stem cuttings

Exposure: medium low

Flower Color: White, pink, purple, red, salmon

Blooming Period: summer fall

Height: 1-2'

Width: 1-2'

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: medium

Additional Comments: Considered to be a bedding plant for shady areas; pinch to encourage branching; many cultivars available.

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